Volume 3, Issue 1 (Spring & summer 2009)                   IJPBS 2009, 3(1): 50-56 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghahari S, Bolhari J, Atef Vahid M K, Ahmadkhaniha H, Panaghi L, Yousefi H. Prevalence of Spouse Abuse, and Evaluation of Mental Health Status in Female Victims of Spousal Violence in Tehran. IJPBS. 2009; 3 (1) :50-56
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-110-en.html
Abstract:   (9623 Views)
Objective: Spouse abuse is a worldwide health concern with prevalent psychiatric and medical consequences in victims. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of spouse abuse among a group of women living in Tehran and survey their mental health status.
Methods: Totally, 1186 married women were selected through a randomized systematic sampling from 22 districts of Tehran. Initial data were obtained by demographic questionnaire, Spouse Abuse Questionnaire (SAQ) and General Health Questionnaire - 28 (GHQ-28). Data were analyzed using Student's unpaired t-test or χ2 test, when appropriate.
Results: Of 1186 women, 980 (82.6%) were physically and sexually abused, however, 818 (68.9%) were physically and emotionally and 835 (70.5%) were sexually and emotionally abused by their husbands. Spouse abused women, especially emotionally and physically abused clients had higher GHQ-28 scores in all the components of the test while their differences with non-abused women were statistically significant. This is interpreted as poor mental health status among these victims.
Conclusion: Our results revealed the high prevalence of maltreatment against women living in Tehran. Meanwhile, our victims were more commonly suffered from anxiety and depressive disorders and achieved poor mental health status and low social performance.
Full-Text [PDF 180 kb]   (1411 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2012/05/28 | Accepted: 2014/01/6 | Published: 2014/01/6

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