Volume 2, Number 2 (Autumn & Winter 2008)                   IJPBS 2008, 2(2): 46-49 | Back to browse issues page


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Masoud S A. Does Cigarette Smoking Have a Protective Effect Against Parkinson's Disease?. IJPBS. 2008; 2 (2) :46-49
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-121-en.html

Abstract:   (5111 Views)
Ôbjective: Previous studies reported that individuals with Parkinson’s disease are less likely to have smoking history and it seems that nicotine has a neuroprotective effect. The authors have conducted a case-control retrospective study to determine if there is an association between cigarette smoking and Parkinson’s disease.
Methods: Ïn a matched case-control study, 92 individuals with Parkinson’s disease (71 men, 21 women mean age: 67.3±11 year) were compared to 184 people without such a diagnosis. (144 men, 40 women mean age: 65.7±12.3 year).
Results: Nineteen patients in the group with a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (20.6%) were smoker. Ïn the control group, however, there were 103 smokers. Âlso, we found a dose-response correlation between amount of smoking and higher risk of having Parkinson’s disease.
Çonclusion: Çonsistent with the results of previous studies, we found that individuals with Parkinson’s disease are significantly less likely to have smoked regularly than those without Parkinson’s disease.
Full-Text [PDF 95 kb]   (1177 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2012/05/28 | Accepted: 2014/01/6 | Published: 2014/01/6

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