Volume 1, Number 1 (Spring & summer 2007)                   IJPBS 2007, 1(1): 22-26 | Back to browse issues page

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Khazaie H, Tahmasian M, Khoshbakht M, Chehri A, Sepehry A A. Serum Lipid Concentrations in Iranian Veterans with Combat-Related Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. IJPBS. 2007; 1 (1) :22-26
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-146-en.html

Abstract:   (10065 Views)
Objective: Numerous Iranian veterans who took part in Iraq-Iran war have developed post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Several studies demonstrated changes in serum lipid concentrations in chronic PTSD (cPTSD) patients. The purpose of this study was to assess serum lipid concentrations in soldiers with cPTSD and compare it with serum lipid concentrations in patients with chronic MDD (cMDD).
Method: We measured serum lipid concentrations in patients diagnosed with cPTSD (n=40) and cMDD (n=40) and compared the results. Patients were diagnosed based on DSM-IV TR criteria. The patients were all male (30-48 years old) and had an illness history of more than 2 years prior to conducting the study. The groups were matched regarding their body mass index (BMI) and duration of symptoms. Laboratory investigations and psychiatric evaluations were carried-out 5 days after admission. Serum lipid concentrations were measured by enzyme assay (EA) immediately after taking the samples with commercial kits (pars-Azmon, Iran).
Results: cPTSD group showed significantly greater mean cholesterol concentrations (227.3 ± 69.7 mg/dL) than the cMDD group (190.7 ± 35.4 mg/dL) (P=0.004). Mean high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations for cPTSD patients (66.6 ± 17.6 mg/dl) was significantly lower than HDL-C level in cMDD patients (76.5 ± 19.7 mg/dL) (P= 0.02). In contrast, mean low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations for cPTSD patients (118.9 ± 60.1 mg/dL) was significantly higher than LDL-C level in cMDD patients (76.5 ± 25.2 mg/dL) (student t-test P= 0.000). Although similar differences was noticed on triglycerides concentration between two groups (cPTSD 220.2 ± 79.0 and cMDD 201.0 ± 61.8), it was statistically non-significant (P= 0.23).
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that cPTSD patients are at high risk of developing arteriosclerosis and vascular incident secondary to low levels of HDL-C and high levels of LDL-C.
Full-Text [PDF 101 kb]   (1039 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2012/05/28 | Accepted: 2014/01/6 | Published: 2014/01/6

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