Volume 6, Number 1 (Spring & summer 2012)                   IJPBS 2012, 6(1): 62-67 | Back to browse issues page


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Babakhanian M, Sadeghi M, Mansoori N, Alam Mehrjerdi Z, Tabatabai M. Nonmedical Abuse of Benzodiazepines in Opiate-Dependent Patients in Tehran, Iran. IJPBS. 2012; 6 (1) :62-67
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-30-en.html

Abstract:   (7527 Views)
Ôbjective: The purpose of the present preliminary study was to explore the prevalence of nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines in a group of opiate-dependent patients who were on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program in outpatient clinics in the south-west of Tehran, Ïran.
Methods: 114 male and female opiate-dependent clients who met DSM.ÏV-TR criteria for opiate dependence with mean age 36.5 years participated in the study from 16 clinics and completed a self-report questionnaire on demographics and substance use details. Then the participants were interviewed on the details of nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines.
Results: The study findings indicated that the current nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines was commonly prevalent among participants. The most common current benzodiazepines abused were alprazolam (100%) followed by chlordiazepoxide (96.5%), clonazepam (94.7%), diazepam (86.8%), lorazepam (79.8%) and oxazepam (73.7%) respectively. Depression (77%) and anxiety (72.8%) were frequently reported as the most important reasons associated with consuming benzodiazepines followed by problem in anger control (44.7%), suicide thought (12.3%), self-injury (7.9%), and suicide commitment (5.3%) respectively.
Çonclusion: Nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines is an important problem among opiate addicts which should be considered in treatment interventions during MMT program.
Full-Text [PDF 83 kb]   (1238 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2012/05/26 | Accepted: 2014/01/6 | Published: 2014/01/6

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