Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2014)                   IJPBS 2014, 8(1): 19-25 | Back to browse issues page

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Abarashi Z, Tahmassian K, Mazaheri A, Panaghi L, Mansoori N. Parental Self-Efficacy As a Determining Factor in Healthy Mother-Child Interaction: A Pilot Study in Iran. IJPBS. 2014; 8 (1) :19-25
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-342-en.html
MD Center of Psychological Counseling Services, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (2461 Views)
Objective: Parental self-efficacy is associated with increasing mental health in children. There is a paucity of research in Iran on the role of parental self-efficacy in increasing mental health status of children. In this preliminary study, we studied the effectiveness of the World Health Organization international child development program (2002) for children aged 3 years and younger in increasing positive interaction between child and mother as an important component of mental health. Methods: Forty mothers from a central hospital child-caring center in Mashhad participated in the study and were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 20) and a control group (n = 20). The experimental group received the World Health Organization international child development program for 6 consecutive weeks while the control group remained without manipulation. The Parenting Self-Agency Measure (PSAM) was administered at pre-test, post-test and at 1-month follow-up. Results: The study findings indicated that parental efficacy in the experimental group increased after 6 consecutive weeks of training and remained unchanged after 1 month of follow-up while the control group showed no difference regarding scores obtained at three stages of the study. Conclusion: International programs such as the World Health Organization international child development program can increase positive child-mother interaction as an important factor which contributes to mental health in early years of life but further studies with larger samples in longer terms and with more follow-up periods in Iran are suggested.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2014/03/26 | Accepted: 2014/03/26 | Published: 2014/03/26

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