Volume 5, Issue 2 (Autumn & Winter 2011)                   IJPBS 2011, 5(2): 5-11 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdollahi F, Lye MBBS M, Md Zain A, Shariff Ghazali S, Zarghami M. Postnatal Depression and Its Associated Factors in Women from Different Cultures. IJPBS. 2011; 5 (2) :5-11
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-37-en.html
Abstract:   (7164 Views)
Ôbjective: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common health problem which affects women in the postpartum period. This is a brief note on its associated factors in women from different cultures.
Methods: Â literature review was performed in MËDLÏNË and Pubmed from 1991 to 2008 and Magiran from 1991 to 2009. Âdditional articles and book chapters were referenced from these sources.
Results: The prevalence of postpartum depression has been reported to be from 0.5% to 60% globally, and from 3.5% to 63.3% in Âsian countries, in which Malaysia and Pakistan had respectively the lowest and highest rates. Ône of the factors contributing to PPD in Âsian societies can be that women may not have the empowerment to reject traditional rituals that are imposed on them by their caregivers. Ünsatisfactory pre-existing relationships between the mothers and their caregivers resulting in mothers experiencing difficulties during their confinement period may be another factor. Thirdly, some features of these traditional rituals may be the cause of tension, stress and emotional distress. Ëmotional conflicts caused by insistence on practice of traditional rituals during the postpartum period may lead to mental breakdown.
Çonclusion: Health care professionals should be aware that the phenomenon in Âsian cultures is as prevalent as Ëuropean cultures. Moreover, further research needs to be conducted on the global prevalence of the experiences of childbearing women with depressive symptoms.
Full-Text [PDF 93 kb]   (1755 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2012/05/26 | Accepted: 2014/01/6 | Published: 2014/01/6

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