Volume 4, Number 2 (Autumn & Winter 2010)                   IJPBS 2010, 4(2): 37-41 | Back to browse issues page


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Shamsi Meymandi M, Nakhaee N, Divsalar K, Heravi G. Cigarette Smoking among Iranian University Students: Reasons and Attitudes. IJPBS. 2010; 4 (2) :37-41
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-77-en.html

Abstract:   (6286 Views)
Objective: According to the fact that university students are role models for the whole society, this study was performed to evaluate reasons of and attitudes toward cigarette smoking among Iranian university students.
Methods: This study was performed as a cross-sectional self-reported questionnaire based study among university students of Kerman city of Iran. Our questionnaire was attributed to 1750 university students who were selected randomly. Current smoking was defined as using cigarette within the last 30 days. Participants’ demographic data in addition to their reasons for and attitudes toward smoking were obtained. Frequency, distribution and factor analysis of attitude items followed by a varimax rotation was used to evaluate the attitudinal statements.
Results: From 1750 university students, who filled our questionnaire, 31% were ever smokers (51% males and 15% females) and 11% were current smokers (21.5% males and 2% females). Avoiding depression and taking pleasure were the reasons mentioned as important reasons the most frequently. Besides, the most frequently attitudinal statements were as follows:” My parents upset knowing my habit” and “Cigarette causes disease”. Furthermore, the mean score of encouraging attitudes was significantly higher among males, current smokers and those with a tendency toward cigarette smoking.
Conclusion: This study confirmed that addressing attitudes toward smoking while developing preventive strategies against it among university students is an obvious necessity.
Full-Text [PDF 181 kb]   (1508 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2012/05/27 | Accepted: 2014/01/6 | Published: 2014/01/6

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