دوره 6، شماره 1 - ( 10-1390 )                   جلد 6 شماره 1 صفحات 62-67 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Babakhanian M, Sadeghi M, Mansoori N, Alam Mehrjerdi Z, Tabatabai M. Nonmedical Abuse of Benzodiazepines in Opiate-Dependent Patients in Tehran, Iran. IJPBS. 2012; 6 (1) :62-67
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-30-fa.html
Nonmedical Abuse of Benzodiazepines in Opiate-Dependent Patients in Tehran, Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. 1390; 6 (1) :62-67

URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-30-fa.html


چکیده:   (7554 مشاهده)
Ôbjective: The purpose of the present preliminary study was to explore the prevalence of nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines in a group of opiate-dependent patients who were on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program in outpatient clinics in the south-west of Tehran, Ïran.
Methods: 114 male and female opiate-dependent clients who met DSM.ÏV-TR criteria for opiate dependence with mean age 36.5 years participated in the study from 16 clinics and completed a self-report questionnaire on demographics and substance use details. Then the participants were interviewed on the details of nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines.
Results: The study findings indicated that the current nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines was commonly prevalent among participants. The most common current benzodiazepines abused were alprazolam (100%) followed by chlordiazepoxide (96.5%), clonazepam (94.7%), diazepam (86.8%), lorazepam (79.8%) and oxazepam (73.7%) respectively. Depression (77%) and anxiety (72.8%) were frequently reported as the most important reasons associated with consuming benzodiazepines followed by problem in anger control (44.7%), suicide thought (12.3%), self-injury (7.9%), and suicide commitment (5.3%) respectively.
Çonclusion: Nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines is an important problem among opiate addicts which should be considered in treatment interventions during MMT program.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: روانپزشکی
دریافت: ۱۳۹۱/۳/۶ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۲/۱۰/۱۶ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۲/۱۰/۱۶

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