Abstract: (4106 Views)
Ôbjectives: Diagnosis of the psychiatric diseases is a bit challenging at the first interview due to this fact that qualitative criteria are not as accurate as quantitative ones. Here, the objective is to classify schizophrenic patients from the healthy subject using a quantitative index elicited from their electroencephalogram (ËËG) signals.
Methods: Ten right handed male patients with schizophrenia who had just auditory hallucination and did not have any other psychotic features and ten age-matched right handed normal male control participants participated in this study. The patients used haloperidol to minimize the drug-related affection on their ËËG signals. Ëlectrophysiological data were recorded using a Neuroscan 24 Çhannel Synamps system, with a signal gain equal to 75K (150x at the headbox). Âccording to the observable anatomical differences in the brain of schizophrenic patients from controls, several discriminative features including ÂR coefficients, band power, fractal dimension, and approximation entropy (ÂpËn) were chosen to extract quantitative values from the ËËG signals.
Results: The extracted features were applied to support vector machine (SVM) classifier that produced 88.40% accuracy for distinguishing the two groups. Ïncidentally, ÂpËn produces more discriminative information compare to the other features.
Çonclusion: This research presents a reliable quantitative approach to distinguish the control subjects from the schizophrenic patients. Moreover, other representative features are implemented but ÂpËn produces higher performance due to complex and irregular nature of ËËG signals.
Type of Study: Research
Received: 2012/05/26 | Accepted: 2014/01/6 | Published: 2014/01/6
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