Volume 8, Number 4 (10-2014)                   IJPBS 2014, 8(4): 74-79 | Back to browse issues page

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Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Imam Hosein Medical Center, Behavior Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1959 Views)
Objective: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a cluster of physical and emotional changes that typically begins several days before the menstrual period that disappears quickly after menstruation. It seems that cooccurrence of depression increases the risk and severity of this syndrome. In this cross-sectional research, we evaluated an association between PMS and depression in medical students. Methods: A hundred female medical students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences that were available assigned for research. They were divided into two groups after administration of demographic questionnaire and PMS questionnaire made by researchers based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition-Technical Revision group with or without PMS diagnosis. Then, they completed Beck’s Depression Inventory. Results: From 100 participants, 55% (n = 55) met the PMS criteria and 45% had no PMS. In the PMS group 30% (n = 17) had no depression 38% (n = 21) had mild depression 23% (n = 13) had moderate depression and 7% (n = 4) had severe depression. In the group with no PMS 60% (n = 27) had no depression 20% (n = 9) had mild depression 17% (n = 8) had moderate depression 2% (n = 1) had severe depression. The rate of depression was significantly higher in PMS group (p = 0.04). Conclusion: In this research, PMS had an elevated frequency in medical students. In students with PMS, rate of depression was higher than students without PMS.
Full-Text [PDF 64 kb]   (1082 Downloads)    
Type of Study: case report | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2015/01/4 | Accepted: 2015/01/4 | Published: 2015/01/4