Volume 7, Issue 2 (10-2013)                   IJPBS 2013, 7(2): 16-23 | Back to browse issues page

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Mansouri N, Chimeh N, Dehghani M, Malakouti K, Taherkhani H, Abarashi Z. Risk Factors Associated with Psychiatric Hospitalization Among Iranian Schizophrenic Patients. IJPBS. 2013; 7 (2) :16-23
URL: http://ijpbs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-287-en.html
Department of Clinical Psychology, Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3184 Views)
Objective: Psychiatric hospitalization of patients imposes heavy burdens on caregivers, but little is known about this issue in Iran. The present cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with psychiatric hospitalization of patients with schizophrenia who were the regular clients for the educational programs of The Iranian Society for Supporting Individuals with Schizophrenia (ISSIS) in Tehran, Iran. Methods: 231 male and female study subjects and 231 of their caregivers participated in the study. The study subjects were independently assessed in demographics, clinical and symptom-related characteristics and basic life skills domains. Their caregivers were assessed in domains of knowledge on schizophrenia, burden, social support, family function, and the patterns of relationships with their patients and the role of health and supportive services. Data were analyzed by performing logistic regression model. Results: Old age, low level of education, unemployment, greater severity of positive and negative symptoms, poor basic life skills among subjects, and objective family burden, inadequate knowledge on schizophrenia, low perceived social support and lack of medical insurance among caregivers were the most important factors associated with psychiatric hospitalization among the clients. Conclusions: Some factors originated in Iranian patients and their caregivers could cause patients’ pathways to psychiatric hospitalization. Although the study results did not establish causation, based on the findings, psychoeducational interventions may reduce schizophrenia referral and lower the rate of need to inpatient services in Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 83 kb]   (1555 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2013/10/7 | Accepted: 2014/01/6 | Published: 2014/01/6

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